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SAT Vocabulary Words and Latin Roots & Sayings

Rident Stolidi Verba Latina

The knowledge of Latin roots will significantly help students on the SAT test. Honors Lit students will study five words and be introduced to one common Latin saying a week. These will be incorporated into the weekly vocabulary test.


The fifteen English vocabulary words given every week (for twenty weeks) will be SAT words chosen from the novels that we will read this year. The first quarter will be words taken from The Hobbit. All words, notes, definitions, and examples will be found on www.vocabulary.com. I have created a site for you! Simply access the website, type in the


username: [email protected]

password: Tolkien

Each list will be entitled, "Week One, Week Two, etc."

We will go over these words briefly on Mondays, review them through the week, and test the following Mondays.



Week 1

Fluster

Throng

Depredation

Bewildered

Haughty

Flummox

Ire

Audacious

Fierce

Expedition

Devour

Prudent

Reverence

Plunder

Scarce


Latin - English < Derivatives

amo - I love < amiable, amorous, amicable, amenable

porto - I carry < portable, portal, transport, teleport, airport

laudo - I < praise laudable, laud, laudation

oro - I pray < orator, oral, oracle, oratory

laboro - I < work labor, laboratory, laborer


Latin Saying: Mea Culpa - My fault



Week 2


hesitate

surly

rouse

plight

potent

stifle

jostle

eddy

ominous

recede

buffet

famished

flounder

vagabond

bleak


navigo - I sail < navigate, naval, navy

paro - I < prepare preparation, prepense, preposition

specto - I look at < spectacles, spectator, spectacle

clamo - I shout < clamorous, exclaim, proclaim

voco - I call < vocal, voice, vociferate


Latin Saying: E pluribus unum - One out of many



Week 3


abate

benevolent

camaraderie

disdain

emulate

fortuitous

intuitive

jubilation

longevity

mundane

nonchalant

orator

parched

querulous

reclusive


Latin

supero - I conquer < superior, super, surpass

adoro - I adore < adorable, adoration

libero - I free < liberate, liberty

ambulo - I walk < amble, ambulance, ambassador

pugno - I fight < pugnacious, puglist, pugnacity


Latin Saying: Anno Domini - In the year of our Lord



Week Four


abdicate

bias

canny

diligent

enervated

fortitude

hedonist

inconsequential

lobbyist

pragmatic

renovation

sagacity

subtle

tenacious

venerable


Latin - English < Derivative

judico - I judge <  judicial, judge, judicious

occupo - I seize < occupied, occupation

narro - I tell < narrate, narrator

do - I give < donate, donation, donor

habito - I live in <  habitat, habitation, habit


Latin Saying: Ora et Labora - Pray and Work



Week 5


aberration

amicable

boisterous

capacious

condescending

digression

ephemeral

fraught

impetuous

hypothesis

ostentatious

precocious

spontaneous

vindicate

wary


Latin

moneo - I warn < admonition, monitor

video - I see < video, provide, evident, vision

timeo - I fear <  timid, intimidate

moveo - I move < move, remove, movable

doceo - I teach < docile, document, doctrine


Latin Saying: Caelum et Terra - Heaven and Earth



Week 6

Latin (Week Six)

inter - between < intermission, intermittant, interaction

sub - under < submarine, subcutaneous, subway

supra - above < super, superior, superintendant

trans - across < transaction, transmit, transatlantic

contra - against < contradict, contrary, contraband


Latin Saying: Carpe Diem! - Seize the Day!



Week 7

Latin - English < Derivative

lingua - language bilingual, linguist, language

filia - daughter filial, filly

herba - plant herbivore, herb, herbal

pater - father patriarch, paternal, patrician

terra - earth terrain, territory, Mediterranean


Latin Saying: Semper Fidelis - Always Faithful (Marine Corps Motto: Semper Fi)



Week 8


Week 9

coronoa - crown < coronation

culpa - fault <  culpable, culprit

fuga - flight < fugitive, refugee, fugue

ecclesia - church < ecclesiastical, Ecclisiastes

gratia - grace < gracious, gratitude


Latin Saying: Nunc aut numquam! -- Now or Never!


Week 10

Latin

unda - wave; < undulating, inundate

ursa - bear; < Ursa Major, Ursa Minor

amicus - friend; < amicable

animus - mind; < spirit animated

annus - year; < annual


Latin Saying: Rident Stolidi Verba Latina - Fools laugh at the Latin language



Week 11 (Second Semester)

hora - hour horascope, hour

ira - anger irrate, irratation, ire

luna - moon lunar,lunacy, lunatic

mora - delay moratorium

pecunia - money pecuniary

Latin Saying: Alma mater - Nurturing mother



Week 12 (The Odyssey)

altus - high, deep; altitude, alternate, alter

bonus - good; bonus, pro-bono

certus - certain, sure; certitude, certain, certify

magnus - large, great; magnitude, magnificient

malus - bad; Malificent, malcontent, malnurished, malpractice

Latin Saying: Veni, vidi, vici - I came, I saw, I conquered



Week 13

longus - long; long, longitude, length

multus - much, many; multitude, mutiply, multifaceted

novus - new; novel, novice, innovate, renovate

plenus - plenty, full; plentiful, plenary

primus - first; primary, primate, primitive


Latin Saying: Quo Vadis? - Where are you going?



Week 14

proximus - close; approximate, proximity

secundus - secondary; secondary, second

solus - alone; solo, sole, solitary

totus - whole; total

aeternus - everlasting; eternal, eternity


Latin Saying: Pax Romana - The Roman Peace



Week 15 (To Kill a Mockingbird ch)

frater - brother; fraternal, fraternity

pater - father; paternal, paternity, patriarch

mater - mother; maternal, maternity

lex - law; lexicon, legal, legislature

rex - king; reign, regal, Tyrannosaurus Rex


Latin Saying: Quid est tuum praenomen? - What is your first name?



Week 16

hortus - garden; horticulture

oculus - eye; ocular, binoculars

nimbus - cloud; Nimbus 2000; nimbus

aurora - dawn; aurora borealis

equus - horse; equestrian


Latin Saying: Meum praenomen est _____

- My first name is _________



Week 17

libra - scales of justice; liberty, liberal, deliberate

scorpio - scorpion; scorpion

geminus - twins; gemini

capricorn - goat; capricious

aquarius - water carrier; aquatic


Latin Saying:Miles Christi Sum - I am a soldier of Christ



Week 18


Canis - dog; canine

caput - head; decapitate, capital, capitalize

civitas - state; civil, citizen, city

corpus - body; corporal, corpse

crux - cross; crucifixion, crucial, crux


Latin Saying: Vox Populi, vox Dei - The Voice of the People is the voice of God



Week 19


dolor - pain, sorrow; Via Dolorosa, dolorous, doleful

flumen - river; flowing, fluent, fluid

gens - tribe; generation, gender, progeny

homo - man; homosapien, homocide

hostis - enemy; hostile, hostility


Latin Saying: Signum crucis - The Sign of the Cross



Week 20 - ignis, lux, nox, urbs, veritas


ignis - fire; ignition, ignite

lux - light; luminate, lucid, Lucifer

nox - night; nocturnal, noxious

urbs - city; urban, suburb

veritas - truth; veritable, verify


Latin Saying: Agnus Dei, qui tollis peccata mundi - Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world

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